Difference between Hot dip galvanizing and Boronizing-Tanya Galvanizers

Difference Between Hot Dip Galvanizing and Boronizing

Hot dip galvanizing and boronizing are two different processes that involves coating of a base metal or alloy to enhance its life to a significant extent. Both the process forms a protective surface layer on the chosen base metal or alloy but each of the processes are completely different from each other. To learn about the difference between these two processes, let us delve a bit deeper into each process. 

Hot Dip Galvanizing 

Hot dip galvanizing is a process in which the base metal usually steel is dipped into a bath of molten zinc at high temperatures of about 450 degrees Celsius or 840 degrees Fahrenheit. Before dipping, the base metal or steel is cleaned in a caustic solution for removal of dirt and then passed through an acidic solution for removing flakes of iron oxide. The base metal is further cleaned with the help of a chemical cleaning agent like ammonium chloride so that the bonding of the base metal with zinc can be better. 

Boronizing

Boronizing, on the other hand, is process of surface hardening of steel. It is a thermo chemical process for hardening the surface of the base metal usually steel. In this process, boron is added to the base metal or alloy where the atoms of boron are diffused into the surface of the base metal. 

Difference in Functionality

Now, we are clear with the differences between the two processes. Next, we would be learning about the functional differences or the beneficial difference between hot dip galvanizing and boronizing. 

  • Hot dip galvanization of steel helps in the improvement of the corrosion resistance capacity of steel of aby other base metal used. But on the other hand, boronizing case hardens the base metal, thereby providing even higher or superior corrosion resistance. 
  • Boronizing plays a vital role prevention of wear and tear of the base metal, thereby making sure that the base metal becomes highly durable in nature. Reduced wear and tear provide the base metal with great capacity to withstand any external elements without any kind of compromise in the functionality of the base metal so boronized.  
  • Hot dip galvanization only helps in the improvement of the corrosion resistance capacity of the base metal. But boronizing not only case hardens the surface of the base metal but also plays a significant role in improving the temperature stability along with several other mechanical properties of the base metal. 

Why Prashant Galvanizers?

If you are looking forward to premium quality hot dip galvanizing services or boronizing services, do not look any further and come to Prashant Galvanizers. With several years of experience and expertise in this field, Prashant Galvanizers have emerged as one of the top service providers in this field. So, for all sorts of galvanizing or boronizing requirements, all that the users need to do is to get in touch with the expert and dedicated team of Prashant Galvanizers for the best solutions. 

Key Considerations for Hot Dip Galvanizing

Key Considerations for Hot Dip Galvanizing

Hot dip galvanizing is a process where a piece of base metal is immersed into a bath of molten zinc for enhancing the durability and functionality of the base metal. After the completion of the hot dip galvanization process, the base metal is resistant to corrosion and hence appropriately suitable for the intended purpose of use. But the users need to make sure to choose a trusted, reputed, and reliable service provider so that the best practices are followed for the optimum quality galvanizing. One of the most important rules to be followed during the process is that the designer, fabricator, as well as the galvanizer should work together. An appropriate three-way communication plays a vital role in the elimination of most of the problems in the hot dip galvanization process.

To make the entire process smooth and hassle free, we have listed a few of the key considerations for the hot dip galvanizing process. 

Removal of Soil and Grease – Oil, grease, shop oil, and soluble paints are to be removed from the base metal with the help of a hot alkaline cleaner. On the other hand, soils like vinyl, epoxies, welding slag, and asphalt should be removed by grit blasting or other mechanical process of cleaning. 

Pickling – It is the process of chemically cleaning the surface of the base metal. An acid bath is used for the removal of rust and mill scale for providing a chemically clean surface of the base metal. It would be ideal to use hydrochloric acid since it is more environment friendly and does not affect the surface of the base metal. 

Prefluxing – The base metal which is usually steel needs to be immersed in a liquid flux for the removal of oxides and prevent oxidation before finally dipping it into the bath of molten zinc. It would be ideal to use zinc ammonium chloride solution for Prefluxing process.

Galvanizing – The prepared base metal then needs to be immersed into a bath of molten zinc at about 455 degree Celsius or 850 degree Fahrenheit to ensure appropriate metallurgical bonding of zinc to the base metal. 

Finishing – Once the metal is withdrawn from the molten zinc bath, it is essential to remove the excess zinc by draining, vibrating, or centrifuging. Next, it is important to cool the galvanized item in air or by quenching in water. The air quenching process takes a bit longer as compared to the water quenching method but it results in a much better surface finish, and hence an important consideration in architecturally exposed steel. 

Checking or Inspection – Checking or inspection of the final product is the ultimate step as well as consideration in the hot dip galvanizing process. In this step, the thickness and the surface conditions are checked for meeting the quality criteria. 

All these key considerations mentioned above would make sure that the base metal is appropriately galvanized. In this regard, it would be ideal to call in for the helps of a professional service provider for getting the best solutions. In this situation, Prashant Galvanizers would undoubtedly the ideal choice. With several years of experience in this field, Prashant Galvanizers makes sure to provide optimum quality galvanization so that none of the users get even a single chance to complain. So, for all your galvanization requirements, get in touch with the team of Prashant Galvanizers at the earliest. 

Tips on Powder Coating on Hot Dip Galvanized Steel

Tips on Powder Coating on Hot Dip Galvanized Steel

Powder coating on hot dip, as can be understood from the name, is a procedure to apply a coating of a special powder on steel that is hot dip galvanized. This particular coating of powder applied on the hot dip galvanizing process provides a significant amount of flexibility as well as a long life. It is precisely the reason as to why powder coating on hot dip galvanized steek has become so popular in recent times. Now, there are three of the major problems that are usually associated with the powder coating on hot dip galvanizing. 

  1. Pin holing of the coating – It is caused by the formation of small air bubbles in the coating at the time of curing or stoving cycle. These bubbles give rise to small craters, and are unsightly. At the same time, it reduces the life and durability of the product. 
  2. Poor adhesion – In the final step of hot dip galvanizing process, water quenching is involved usually in a weak dichromate solution. If it is not done appropriately, the adhesion of the powder coating tends to be quite poor, and hence ineffective. 
  3. Incomplete curing – The powder coatings are thermosetting resins that cross link to their ultimate organic form when they are maintained at a temperature of 180 degrees Celsius for approximately ten minutes. The curing overs are designed to do the task efficiently. But if the curing is incomplete, the coating would not be perfect. 
Read more: Hot Dip Galvanized Steel

To get rid of these problems, it is of immense importance to follow a few of the most essential tips in this regard for perfect powder coating on hot dip galvanized steel. 

  1. Carry out the hot dip galvanizing process but do not chromate or water quench
  2. All the drainage spikes as well as the surface defects should be mandatorily removed
  3. Powder coating should be done within a maximum of twelve hours after galvanization
  4. Precautions need to be taken to make sure that the surfaces do not get wet, and ensure that the item is not left outside
  5. It is essential to keep the surface clean without any kind of contamination before the application coating 
  6. In case any contamination, the surface should be necessarily cleaned with compatible detergent or solvent before the application of powder coating
  7. It is ideal to pre treat the hot dip galvanized steel with zinc phosphate to make sure that the highest adhesion is obtained, and most importantly the surface should be perfectly clean before the treatment
  8. Before the application of powder coating, the work should be pre heated
  9. Finally, it is to be made sure that curing is perfect and the correct curing should be checked by solvent testing

Keeping all these tips in mind would make sure that the intended results are obtained. So, at any point of time, you are search of the best hot dip galvanizing services in Vadodara, Prashant Galvanizers would undoubtedly be the best option. We are a leading hot dip galvanizing service provider to make sure to provide the users with premium quality services. Moreover, it is recommended to choose a trusted, reputed, and reliable service provider like Prashant Galvanizers if you wish to get the best solutions in this regard.

For more information on hot dip galvanizing by Galvanizers, click the link:

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